Rimini

Your vacation in San Marino!

A little 'history ...

The history of San Marino has its origin from the far 301 of the Christian period, according to tradition the founding of the Republic is the patron saint who has a strong influence among the locals.
According to legend, a stonemason from the island of Rab in Dalmatia, climb Mount Titano and here he organized a small community of Christians who were persecuted by the Emperor Diocletian because of their religion. Under certain findings, and testify that the place referred to was inhabited since prehistoric times, but the first settlements date back to the medieval period during which the findings we confirm the presence of a monastery, a parish church, a castle with a confirmation of an organized community .

Giuseppe and Anita Garibaldi refuge in San Marino Between confirmation of the temporal power of the Pope and established the authority of the empire the people of primordial San Marino felt an increasing need to deal with a form of government, following the example of other Italian cities. Thus there is the common, and unlike other Italian cities that dedicate their citizens to a saint, the newly formed small town, he decided to pay homage to the legendary stone mason and to name the city itself in her honor "Land of San Marino", hereinafter the "City of San Marino" and still "Republic of San Marino." These are the foundations of society that formed in San Marino providing, during his self-government, an assembly of heads of families called Arengo and headed by a Rector.

Through this meeting formed the first laws, statutes first ever democratic inspiration. Initially appointed himself defender and a captain in 1243 was appointed only two consuls who came to power every six months without stopping, even today, these two figures are confirming the efficiency of these institutions. There were numerous disputes with the Bishops of Montefeltro forcing the San Marino to pay a tribute, these disagreements were overcome thanks to achieve political-administrative emancipation of San Marino.

Alberoni The territories of the small state, during the Middle Ages extended to Mount Titano until 1463, when the San Marino allied themselves against Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, the Lord of Rimini. San Marino won well and was even rewarded by Pope Pius II Piccolomini with the Castles of Fiorentino, Montegiardino and Serravalle. Moreover, among the possessions of San Marino, there was also the Castle Faetano who joined voluntarily. Military occupation, there were only two times and for a very short time: the first in 1503 with Cesare Borgia, called Valentino and the second in 1739 with Cardinal Giulio Alberoni. From the first job he got rid of only through the death of Borgia and the second occupation he was lawfully dissolved by appeal to the pope that he recognized the right of independence.

Even Napoleon tried to seize San Marino proposing the extension of the area accompanied by substantial donations to the San Marino politely declined. "Although your dominion is small, however, your state is one of the most honored of all history ..." were the words that Lincoln wrote in 1861 to the city as a sign of friendship and admiration.

A city that was certainly very hospitable never denied free access and shelter to those who were dogged by misfortune, an example is Giuseppe Garibaldi in 1849, who found salvation with his companions after the fall of the Republic of Rome. San Marino is now a republic independent, democratic and neutral faithful to its culture and its secular traditions and always ready to accept any form of progress.

San Marino: UNESCO site since 2008!

The magic of tradition, the signs of time and the very high value of the historical heritage of the Republic of San Marino was awarded on July 7 by UNESCO in 2008 with the inclusion of Mount Titano and the historic center of San Marino on the list of World Heritage sites recognized by these reasons:


Monte Titano "San Marino is one of the oldest republic in the world and the only city-state that exists, representing an important stage in the development of democratic models in Europe and around the world. Tangible expressions of the continuity of its long existence as capital of the republic, its geopolitical context and its functions unchanged legal and institutional are found in its strategic position on top of Mount Titano, his model the historical city, its urban spaces and its many public monuments.

San Marino has a widely acknowledged status as an emblematic symbol of the city-state free, illustrated in political debate, literature and the arts over the centuries ... San Marino and Mount Titano is an exceptional witness the establishment of a representative democracy based on autonomy and civic self-government, having exercised a unique continuous and without interruption the official status of a republic independent from the thirteenth century. San Marino is an exceptional testimony to a living cultural tradition that has lasted seven hundred years ... "

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