Modena

The hinterland emiliano


The Emilian plain

Church of Casaglia
Author: Chiara Sibona

South of the Apennines, north the river Po, the Emilian plain stretching from the province of Piacenza that of Ferrara to the foothills of the coast. The land consists of a clear chain of rivers, roads and canals, links to the city centers, scattered residences and the alternation of the diversified landscape of fields, key element that has characterized the spread of agriculture across the territorial organization . Type and distribution of teaching, diversity of agricultural landscape, communication systems, toponymy, civil and ecclesiastical organization of the territory are strongly influenced by the abundance of water, the large amount of rivers, streams, which are characteristic of that zone.

The first settlements date back to the Neolithic period characterized by villages and huts made of piles of straw and dried mud. Structures called "Earthsea" are found in the Bronze Age, are protected from large housing embankments of earth, traces of such structures are found between Parma and Modena. Since the discovery of the necropolis at Villanova di Castenaso originated the name of the Villanova culture, and the Etruscan presence extends along the entire stretch of land between the bucket and Po Santerno The foundation of Modena and Parma, Wertheim and Fiorenzuola, Reggio and Bologna happens very quickly distributed on the axis of the Via Emilia. The territorial base of the region takes its roots during the period of Roman rule with the geometrical distributions of Roman centuriation fact the reform of 215 was defined as the western part Aemilia.

Panorama
Author: Chiara Sibona

Soon the crisis takes the upper hand with devastation and famine causing severe time affecting the landscape of the plains advancing the woods, waters, and overgrown areas. The line formed by the river Panaro, Modena and Bologna formed for many centuries, the dividing line between the lands under the power of the Exarchate, Ravenna and Longombardia. Thanks to the great Benedictine monasteries there was a gradual recovery following remediation activities, while the presence of the house of Canossa start a short period of unification will be broken by the death of Countess Matilda. The recovery and the first signs of cohesion support the formation de Commons, the formation of new settlements in areas of medium and low plains.

From this point on, both the Commons that the Lords are increasingly gaining power by encouraging the formation of new fortifications of rocks, new villages and castles. The Este family in Modena, Reggio and Ferrara, the Visconti, Sforza and finally the Farnese in Piacenza and Parma Emilian appear on the scene from the XIV century. The same period, it will reinforce even small domains and estates including: the Pallavicini to Busseto , Cortemaggiore, Wertheim and Fiorenzuola, the Gonzaga in Novellara and Guastalla and Da Correggio Correggio , The Pico in Mirandola . With the agricultural revolution of the eighteenth century, the region sees a strong economic recovery thanks to the production in orchards, cultivation of hemp, rice fields and arable land.

The Emilian Apennines

A strip of land of about 40-50 km, distributed parallel to the Via Emilia, is the geographical boundary of the southern Po Valley, formed mostly from land services. Tuscan-Emilian said in the east of the Cisa pass and Ligurian west. The territory has a chain of ridges on the ridge while descending downhill stretch profiles of the hills to reach the high plains. A vast territory has many regional parks to witness the conservation of magnificent landscapes. Many are also historical events that have marked this land characterized by five provinces: Bologna , Modena, Reggio Emilia , Parma and Piacenza .

Apennines Most important archaeological sites are Misa Velleia while Ligurian and Etruscan and Roman domination colonized the largest centers in the valley. A clear network of fortified villages, hospitals and abbeys, ruins, ruins that place the definition of urban in the Middle Ages. While the definition is political administration has in the sixteenth century with the birth of Emilian ducats and legations, although still part of the lands of the Ligurian and Tuscan Apennines are possessions. Thanks to the border regions formed a dense network of trade especially trade in Europe, thus undermining the Border towns were instituted major directions that favored the formation of connections or flows of pilgrimage.

This attitude has been maintained over the years becoming an infrastructure network of the most important region for contacts between the north and south of Emilia Romagna. Because of the problems migration and population decline, there has been, from the twentieth century, to a depopulation of these lands, while in the hills there was an opposite phenomenon thanks to the productive activities that have developed in areas such as the ceramics industry.

L'Appennino Romagnolo

The Romagna Apennines, a territorial strip between the river and the river Sellustra Savio, which stretches for about 100 km marked by numerous rivers and valleys and a land much softer and flatter than the high altitudes of the 'Emilian Apennines .

Tamarisk
Author: Chiara Sibona
Due to its low altitude and warm climate, favored by the proximity of the sea, has developed an extensive cultivation of valuable lives, fruit trees and olive trees, while to the valleys is the presence in the lush forests of oak, chestnut and beech trees.

Since prehistoric times in these areas, which had a road easier, are points of connection between the inside Tuscany and the plane Po. The area of the Apennines had a land defined only in the Middle Ages, which will subsequently revised by the Florentine dominion, as opposed to the Church.

Only in 1924 these territories will leave the Florentine and the Papal States and incorporated in the province of Forlý. This is different cultural traditions found in the architecture of the villages, an area to be a marginal economic point of view that in recent years is re-proposing new perspectives in history and nature, and its numerous spas.

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