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Reggio Emilia: the city and its history ...

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Thanks to archaeological finds around the city, it could be traced to the early settlements present in Reggio Emilia, founded in 175 BC as a point equidistant from two colonies of itinerant Modena and Parma. And 'Count Lepidus that gives the city its name, founder of the Via Emilia. And 'the way one of the most important because it is a symbol of the new urban settlements. In the early years unable to pursue an economic activity flourished, until the barbarian invasions.

Lepidus

The fall of the Roman Empire due to a reduction of the urban with the destruction of the structures of the city and the social and economic. Now the city is concentrated in "castrum bishop" small fortified area that included Piazza Grande, the Cathedral, the Bishop's Palace, the Basilica of St. Prospero. Are witnessing a new expansion only towards the end of XI, a period when it expands in the village of Santa Croce, San Peter, San Nazario and the presence of settlements earmarked for the most part along the left bank of the stream. Between 1199 and 1314 and becoming common is built the walls of particular interest because the city is taking the characteristic hexagonal shape that now surrounds the old town.

The entry of Reggio Emilia in the State of Ferrara puts an end to the continuing civil strife and to the ladies who have continued for centuries. During the Este there is a noticeable enrichment architectural setting in which also influences Ferrara, of opportunity for the trade that saw the birth of the silk products with which they had before and notoriety in Europe. In 1570 the reform of the fortifications, running precisely to the size, we are witnessing the complete destruction of everything that comes within the range of 600 meters from the walls and a new diversion of the stream Crostolo nell'alveo present. Compounding the situation is the transfer of the Este court in Modena, the discomfort is stressing the economy, which maintains the traditional aspects, both in the city itself put into second place in Modena.

Reagge Emilia Piazza San Prospero

Throughout the seventeenth century are witnessing the creation of a single work: the shrine of the Blessed Virgin of Ghiara. A slow recovery will occur only following the initiation of the reforms of enlightened absolutism, but a real rise will occur only with the fall of Este government and with the proclamation of the Republic Cispadana. The family is the protagonist of the nineteenth Marchelli Reggiano introducing a hostile neoclassical as language Journal of Public Architecture. Always be made in the nineteenth century Teatro Municipal and public gardens.

Only in the twentieth century the city flourished again differentiating the destination of urban areas: in the old town are concentrated commercial and management functions, a suburb south of the new residential areas to the north the railroad tracks. Reason for financial gain are the most Reggiane for strengthening the nearby airport.

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